28 Jan Emergency exit light testing- all you need to know!
Emergency Lights might look to be a small indication on the top of a door frame while exiting a movie theatre, a shopping complex or a parking lot, but these red signs that illuminate have a bigger meaning than just letting you know what door is an entry and what an Exit. Building evacuation is one of the biggest and the most thought of parameters when a basic architecture is laid out for development, and through the designing of this important parameter, the part of signalling the occupants of the building to which way to follow also becomes an important part. The Emergency lights lead the pathway to a secure location in case of a catastrophe or disaster. These lights provide a safe way in case of a black-out due to any reason.
The Complete Guide for Emergency Exit Light Testing
KNOW YOUR POWER SOURCE :
Emergency lighting systems are classified under what kind of power source they use to derive their power from to illuminate the path of the occupants and guide them to safety. In case the energy lighting contains a battery built into the system, the energy light is called a self-contained or single unit. These kinds of emergency lights need to be tested on a daily basis because the batteries in most of the cases don’t give a warning before dying to a bare minimum level.
MONTHLY TESTING :
The overall system of the building should be tested every month following the standards as per BS EN 50172:2004 / BS 5266-8:2004. This is a short functional test and following the standard gives you some basic check sheets and log books that will help you maintain the records for your convenience. The standard also provides the best practices that must be followed in case of repair and maintenance of your emergency lighting system. The duration of the test will be sufficient for you to understand the condition and response of your system. It is though not important to check the whole system at one time only. The system can be divided into smaller sections and subsections and the testing can be done on the distribution.
ANNUAL TESTING :
An annual testing should be done for around 3 hours with the whole system being online. Make sure that the test is done when there is time for the building to be filled with occupants again. Since your system batteries will drain and will need time to recharge again. The test should be checked by seeing if all the lamps are lit after even 3 hours. Also, to check is the illuminance of the lamps, and the difference between the first hour of operation to the 3rd hour of operation. If they have gone a bit dim or is the illumination the same.
WHO SHOULD DO THE TESTING :
If you are a business owner or the building owner it is recommended to hire some professionals that have the expertise in the field of occupant safety and evacuation. These people will be neutral to your system and will be able to find out any flaws in the system. Also, these experts provide solutions to the problems that the system may encounter in the future.
Occupant safety is the most important part of designing the building. The energy lighting system turns literally into a lifeline in case of any disaster, power outage or catastrophe. Therefore, it becomes a moral and social responsibility to get the emergency light testing done by the standards and timelines defined. We hope that the above points will help you analyse and schedule your next emergency light testing for your building or complex or theatre of a parking because safety should be our top priority.